As a result, the levels of these agents may be increased in the blood and may cause increased effects or potentially serious adverse reactions. People using any medications should check the package insert and speak with a qualified healthcare professional, including a pharmacist, about possible interactions.
While CBD and cannabis offer pain relief and psoriasis is often accompanied by rheumatoid arthritis, each individual must discuss the addition of any new medicine (including CBD and cannabis) with their care team. With new clinical trials for cannabinoids and psoriasis recruiting even now, promising cures may be on the horizon. Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is treated with antihypertensives, which effect might be reduced by the simultaneous assumption of some cannabis strains. Cannabinoid compounds can temporarily increase blood pressure, especially the ones found in sativa-dominant strains.
Cannabidiol might decrease how quickly the liver breaks down clobazam. This might increase the effects and side effects of clobazam.ValproateValproic acid can cause liver injury. Taking cannabidiol with valproic acid might increase the chance of liver injury. Discontinuation or reduction in dosage of cannabidiol and/or valproic acid might be needed.ModerateBe cautious with this combination.Brivaracetam (Briviact)Brivaracetam is changed and broken down by the body.
Studies are too limited to determine whether or not CBD is an effective treatment for conditions other than the ones approved by the U.S. The findings also suggest that CBD can induce a healthy heart rhythm after an ischemic attack, which is caused by a build-up or blockage in the arteries. Thus, CBD was shown to potentially improve heart performance immediately after a heart attack in non-human models. Each bottle of the 750mgCBD oil tincturecontains 25mg of CBD per dropper full.
Next we get into what options are available for the second class of drugs, the dopamine agonists, and if there’s any research going into future medications for that as well. The reason for this is that CBD inhibits two main enzyme systems, Grinspoon explains. Enzymes are proteins that speed up chemical reactions in the body, and play an important role in functions like digestion and respiration. “One system is the same one that grapefruit inhibits — the technical name is the CYP34A enzyme system. So, just like best hemp oil grapefruit juice, CBD can cause your body to have higher doses of benzodiazepines [anti-anxiety medications], or certain antipsychotic medications,” Grinspon explains.
The research on CBD interactions is needed, as it’s not uncommon for some epilepsy patients to take CBD with more traditional anticonvulsant drugs. "While this may be mostly true, our study shows that CBD, just like other antiepileptic drugs, has interactions with other seizure drugs that patients and providers need to be aware of," she said. The University of Alabama at Birmingham’s prospective, compassionate-use study was created to assess CBD’s safety and potential as an add-on therapy for treatment-resistant epilepsy. And it includes frequent monitoring of serum AED levels in case of any drug–drug interactions.
“The challenge with cannabis is there’s no scientific data out there to say it tested against Ativan or Klonopin—the data doesn’t exist,” says Brennan. In addition, CBD oil is known to have anti-seizure properties of its own. In fact, the AKC Health Foundation recently announce plans for a major clinical trial to study the potential for CBD oil for use in drug resistant epileptic dogs. Cannabidiol (CBD), a major purified non-psychoactive component of marijuana with anticonvulsant properties, is being studied under an expanded access IND as an adjuvant treatment for refractory epilepsy (Epidiolex; GW Pharmaceuticals). CBD is metabolized by CYP3A4 and CYP2C19 with a growing body of evidence suggesting it is also a potent inhibitor of these pathways.
There are over 50,000 distinct enzymes in this group that are found in tissues throughout your entire body. However, for this discussion, we’ll focus on CYP450s found in your gut and liver. Over 60% of prescription medications are metabolized by CYP450 enzymes.
The best course of action is still to consult with a medical professional before considering CBD as one of the treatment options for depression and starting a CBD regimen. Also, CBD may increase the level in the blood of the blood thinners like coumadin, and it can raise levels of other prescription medications in the blood as well. Regardless of the form of CBD products that one chooses, careful consideration must be employed in selecting the best CBD oil to use, especially when trying to manage depression. Meanwhile, it is not advisable to stop taking prescribed medications, especially antidepressants, without talking to a healthcare provider first. However, for the same reason that CBD could interfere with how the human body metabolizes SSRIs, replacing Zoloft with any of the drugs listed above is likely to cause the same metabolic impact.